Below you will find an overview of scientific publications, books and book chapters by Brainclinics across the years.


For reprints, please contact Martijn Arns or register at the Community





Arns, M., Bruder, G., Hegerl, U., Spooner, C., Palmer, D. M., Etkin, A., Fallahpour, K., Gatt, J.M., Hirshberg, L. & Gordon, E. (2015). EEG alpha asymmetry as a gender-specific predictor of outcome to acute treatment with different antidepressant medications in the randomized iSPOT-D study. Clinical Neurophysiology. doi:
Arns, M., Etkin, A., Hegerl, U., Williams, L.M., DeBattista, C., Palmer, D.M., Fitzgerald, P.B., Harris, A., deBeuss, R. & Gordon, E. (2015) Frontal and rostral anterior cingulate (rACC) theta EEG in depression: Implications for treatment outcome? European Neuropsychopharmacology.
Arns, M. (2015). First EEG results of the iSPOT study in depression: EEG alpha asymmetry as a gender specific predictor of SSRI treatment outcome. Brain Stimulation, 8(2), 337. 
Arns, M., Swatzyna, R.J., Gunkelman, J & Olbrich, S. (In Press) Sleep maintenance, spindling excessive beta and impulse control: An RDoC arousal and regulatory systems approach? Neuropsychiatric Electrophysiology.



Arns, M. (2014). Open access is tiring out peer reviewers. Nature, 515, 467.


Arns, M., & Gordon, E. (2014). Quantitative EEG (QEEG) in psychiatry: Diagnostic or prognostic use? Clinical Neurophysiology : Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology. doi:10.1016/j.clinph.2014.01.014


Arns, M., & Kenemans, J. L. (2014). Neurofeedback in ADHD and insomnia: Vigilance stabilization through sleep spindles and circadian networks. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 183-194. doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2012.10.006


Arns, M., & Olbrich, S. (2014). Personalized medicine in ADHD and depression: Use of pharmaco-EEG. Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences. doi:10.1007/7854_2014_295


Arns, M., Heinrich, H., & Strehl, U. (2014). Evaluation of neurofeedback in ADHD: The long and winding road. Biological Psychology, 95, 108-15. doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2013.11.013


van der Star, S. & Arns, M. (2014) Neurofeedback bij de behandeling van ADHD: Een richtingenstrijd? De Psycholoog.


Van Dinteren, R., Arns, M., Jongsma, M., & Kessels, R. (2014). Combined frontal and parietal P300 amplitudes indicate compensated cognitive processing across the lifespan. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 6, 294. 


van Dinteren, R., Arns, M., Jongsma, M. L. A., & Kessels, R. P. C. (2014). P300 development across the lifespan: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PloS One, 9(2), e87347. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0087347


van Tricht, M. J., Ruhrmann, S., Arns, M., Müller, R., Bodatsch, M., Velthorst, E., . . . Nieman, D. H. (2014). Can quantitative EEG measures predict clinical outcome in subjects at clinical high risk for psychosis? A prospective multicenter study. Schizophrenia Research. doi:10.1016/j.schres.2014.01.019


Veth, C. P., Arns, M., Drinkenburg, W., Talloen, W., Peeters, P. J., Gordon, E., & Buitelaar, J. K. (2014). Association between COMT val158met genotype and EEG alpha peak frequency tested in two independent cohorts. Psychiatry Research, 219, 221-224. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2014.05.021



Arns M, Cerquera A, Gutiérrez RM, Hasselman F, Freund JA. Non-linear EEG analyses predict non-response to rtms treatment in major depressive disorder. Clinical Neurophysiology 2013


Arns M, Conners CK, Kraemer HC. A decade of EEG theta/beta ratio research in ADHD: A meta-analysis. J Atten Disord 2013, Jul;17:374-83. doi:10.1177/1087054712460087


Arns M, van der Heijden KB, Arnold LE & Kenemans JL. (2013): Geographic variation in the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: The sunny perspective. Biological Psychiatry: DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2013.02.010


Arns, M., van der Heijden, K. B., Arnold, L. E., & Kenemans, J. L. (2013). Reply to: The geographic variation in the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in the U.S. Is likely due to geographical variations of solar ultraviolet-b doses and race. Biological Psychiatry. doi:


Arns, M., van der Heijden, K. B., Eugene Arnold, L., Swanson, J. M., & Leon Kenemans, J. (2013). Reply to: Attention-Deficit/hyperactivity disorder and solar irradiance: A cloudy perspective. Biological Psychiatry.doi:


Arns, M. & Strehl. U. (2013) Evidence for efficacy of Neurofeedback in ADHD? A comment on "Sonuga-Barke et al. Nonpharmacological interventions for ADHD: Systematic Review and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials of dietary and psychological treatments." American Journal of Psychiatry,170, 799A-800.


Arns, M., & Olbrich, S. (2013). Two EEG channels do not make a ‘quantitative EEG (QEEG)Ù: A response to widge, avery and zarkowski (2013). Brain Stimulation. doi:doi:10.1016/j.brs.2013.09.009


Arns, M. (2013). De rol van slaap bij adhd: Mogelijkheden voor preventie van adhd? Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie, 55(10).


Olbrich, S., & Arns, S. M. (2013). EEG biomarkers in major depressive disorder: Discriminative power and prediction of treatment response. International Review of Psychiatry, 25(5), 604-618. doi:10.3109/09540261.2013.816269


Spronk DB, Veth CP, Arns M, Schofield PR, Dobson-Stone C, Ramaekers JG, et al.. DBH -1021C>T and COMT val108/158met genotype are not associated with the P300 ERP in an auditory oddball task. Clin Neurophysiol 2013, May;124:909-15.


The Collaborative Neurofeedback Group (Arnold, L.E., Arns, M., Conners, K., DeBeus, R., Hirshberg, L., Kerson, C., Kraemer, H., Lofthouse, N., Lubar, J., McBurnett, K. & Monastra, V.) (In Press) A proposed multi-site double-blind randomized clinical trial of neurofeedback for ADHD: Need, rationale and strategy. Journal of Attention Disorders. doi: 10.1177/1087054713482580


de Vries, M., Wilder-Smith, O. H. G., Jongsma, M. L. A., van den Broeke, E. N., Arns, M., van Goor, H., & van Rijn, C. M. (2013). Altered resting state EEG in chronic pancreatitis patients: Toward a marker for chronic pain. Journal of Pain Research.


Zoon, H.F.A., Veth, C.P.M., Arns, M. Drinkenburg, W.H.I.M., Talloen, W., Peeters, P.J. & Kenemans, J.L. (2013) EEG Alpha Power as an intermediate measure between BDNF Val66Met and Depression severity in patients with Major Depressive Disorder. Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology, 30 (3), 261-267.


Arns, M., Drinkenburg, W. H. I. M., Fitzgerald, P. B., & Kenemans, J. L. (2012). Neurophysiological predictors of treatment outcome to rTMS in depression. Brain Stimulation.


Arns, M., Drinkenburg, W.H.I.M. & Kenemans, J.L. (2012). The effects of QEEG-informed neurofeedback in ADHD: An open label pilot studyApplied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback.


Arns, M. (2012). EEG Based Personalized Medicine in ADHD: Individual alpha peak frequency as an endophenotype associated with non-response. Journal of Neurotherapy, 16, 123-241.

Cerquera Soacha, A., Arns, M. Bolivar, E.B., Salamanca, R.M.G. & Freund, J.A. (2012) Nonlinear Dynamics Measures Applied to EEG Recordings of Patients with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Quantifying the Effects of a Neurofeedback Treatment. 34th Annual International IEEE EMBS Conference

Winkelmolen, D., Kruiver, V. & Arns, M. (2012) Neurofeedback treatment in a client with ADHD and ODD. Biofeedback, 40, 102-108.



Arns, M. (2011). Personalized medicine in ADHD and depression: A quest for EEG treatment predictors. PhD thesis. PhD thesis, Utrecht University.


Arns, M., & de Ridder, D. (2011). Neurofeedback 2.0. Journal of Neurotherapy, 15(2).


Arns, M., & Lyle, R. L. (2011). Neurofeedback and QEEG: The space-race. Journal of Neurotherapy, (15), 4.


Jongsma, M. L. A., Postma, S., Souren, P., Arns, M., Gordon, E., Vissers, K., . . . van Goor, H. (2011). Neurodegenerative properties of chronic pain: Cognitive decline in patients with chronic pancreatitis. Plos One, 6(8), e23363. doi:doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0023363


Lansbergen, M., Arns, M., van Dongen-Boomsma, M., Spronk, D., & Buitelaar, J. K. (2011). The increase in theta/beta ratio on resting state EEG in boys with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is mediated by slow alpha peak frequency. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry, 35, 47-52.


Sherlin, L., Arns, M., Lubar, J., Heinrich, H., Kerson, C., Strehl, U., & Sterman, M. B. (2011). Neurofeedback and basic learning theory: Implications for research and practice. Journal of Neurotherapy, 15(4), 292-304.


Spronk, D., Arns, M., Barnett, K. J., Cooper, N. J., & Gordon, E. (2011). An investigation of EEG, genetic and cognitive markers of treatment response to antidepressant medication in patients with major depressive disorder: A pilot study. Journal of Affective Disorders , 128, 41-48.


Veth, C. P. M. (2011). Hersenpokon BDNF. Silhout Nedkad.



Arns, M. (2010a). Handboek neurofeedback bij ADHD. [Handbook Neurofeedback in ADHD] (1 ed.). Amsterdam, SWP.


Arns, M. (2010b). Historical archives: The beginning. Journal of Neurotherapy, 14(4), 291-292.


Arns, M., Gunkelman, J., Olbrich, S., Sander, C., & Hegerl, U. (2010). EEG vigilance and phenotypes in neuropsychiatry: Implications for intervention. In R. Coben & J. Evans (Eds.), Neuromodulation and neurofeedback: Techniques and applications. Elsevier.


Arns, M., Spronk, D., & Fitzgerald, P. B. (2010). Potential differential effects of 9 Hz rTMS and 10 Hz rTMS in the treatment of depression. Brain Stimulation, 3(2), 124-6. 


Arns, M., van den Bergh, W., & Gunkelman, J. (2010). Time for a theory-driven approach to QEEG. Neuroconnections.


Breteler, M. H., Arns, M., Peters, S., Giepmans, I., & Verhoeven, L. (2010a). Erratum to: Improvements in spelling after QEEG-based neurofeedback in dyslexia: A randomized controlled treatment study. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 35(2), 187. doi:10.1007/s10484-010-9129-7


Breteler, M. H., Arns, M., Peters, S., Giepmans, I., & Verhoeven, L. (2010b). Improvements in spelling after QEEG-based neurofeedback in dyslexia: A randomized controlled treatment study. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 35(1), 5-11. 


Coben, R., Arns, M., & Kouijzer, E. J. (2010). Enduring effects of neurofeedback in children. In R. Coben & J. Evans (Eds.), Neuromodulation and neurofeedback: Techniques and applications. Elsevier.


Cortoos, A., De Valck, E., Arns, M., Breteler, M. H., & Cluydts, R. (2010). An exploratory study on the effects of tele-neurofeedback and tele-biofeedback on objective and subjective sleep in patients with primary insomnia. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 35(2), 125-34.


Kemp, A. H., Griffiths, K., Felmingham, K. L., Shankman, S. A., Drinkenburg, W. H. I. M., Arns, M., . . . Bryant, R. A. (2010). Disorder specificity despite comorbidity: Resting EEG alpha asymmetry in major depressive disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder. Biological Psychology, 85(2), 350-354.


Sander, C., Arns, M., Olbrich, S., & Hegerl, U. (2010). EEG-Vigilance and response to stimulants in paediatric patients with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Clinical Neurophysiology, 121, 1511-1518.


Sherlin, L., Arns, M., Lubar, J., & Sokhadze, E. (2010a). A reply to Lofthouse, Arnold, and Hurt (2010). Journal of Neurotherapy, 14(4), 307-311.


Lofthouse, N., Arnold, L. E., & Hurt, E. (2010). A comment on Sherlin, Arns, Lubar, and Sokhadze (2010). Journal of Neurotherapy, 14(4), 301-306.


Sherlin, L., Arns, M., Lubar, J. F., & Sokhadze, E. (2010b). A position paper on neurofeedback for the treatment of ADHD. Journal of Neurotherapy, 14(2), 66-78.


Spronk, D., Arns, M., & Fitzgerald, P. B. (2010). Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in depression: Protocols, mechanisms and new developments. In R. Coben & J. Evans (Eds.), Neuromodulation and neurofeedback: Techniques and applications. Elsevier.


Spronk, D., Kleinnijenhuis, M., Luijtelaar, G., & Arns, M. (2010). Discrete-Trial SCP and GSR training and the interrelationship between central and peripheral arousal. Journal of Neurotherapy, 14(3), 217-228.


Thomassen, F., & Arns, M. (2010). Are the effects of rTMS in Parkinson's disease clinically relevant? Journal of Neurotherapy, 14(2), 96-101.


van den Bunt, M., Arns, M., Verbraak, M., Keijsers, G., & van Luijtelaar, G. (2010). Biomarkers? bij ?burn-outpatiënten. Neuropraxis, 14, 165-173.


van Luijtelaar, G., Verbraak, M., van den Bunt, M., Keijsers, G., & Arns, M. (2010). EEG findings in burnout patients. The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 22(2), 208-17.


Veth, C. P. M. (2010). Op weg naar ‘Personalized Medicine’. Silhout Nedkad, (2), 28-30.



Arns, M., de Ridder, S., Strehl, U., Breteler, M., & Coenen, A. (2009). Efficacy of neurofeedback treatment in ADHD: The effects on inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity: A meta-analysis. Clinical EEG and Neuroscience, 40(3), 180-9.


Spronk, D. & Arns, M. (2009). rTMS bij depressie. Tijdschrift Voor Neuropsychiatrie & Gedragsneurologie, (Juli-Augustus).



Arns, M. (2008). Personalized medicine: Nieuwe ontwikkelingen in de diagnostiek en behandeling van ADHD en depressie. De Psycholoog, (September).


Arns, M., Gunkelman, J., Breteler, M., & Spronk, D. (2008). EEG phenotypes predict treatment outcome to stimulants in children with ADHD. J Integr Neurosci, 7(3), 421-38.


Arns, M. W., Kleinnijenhuis, M., Fallahpour, K., & Breteler, M. H. M. (2008). Golf performance enhancement by means of ‘real-life neurofeedback’training based on personalized event-locked EEG profiles. Journal of Neurotherapy, 11(4), 11-18.


Breteler, Van Heeswijk, Arns, & Verdellen. (2008). Psychologische interventies bij het syndroom van Gilles de la Tourette. Tijdschrift Voor Neuropsychiatrie & Gedragsneurologie, (Juli/Augustus).


Kleinnijenhuis, M., Arns, M. W., Spronk, D. B., Breteler, M. H. M., & Duysens, J. E. J. (2008). Comparison of discrete-trial based SMR and SCP training and the interrelationship between SCP and SMR networks: Implications for brain-computer interfaces and neurofeedback. Journal of Neurotherapy, 11(4), 19-35.


Spronk, D., Arns, M., Bootsma, A., van Ruth, R., & Fitzgerald, P. B. (2008). Long-Term effects of left frontal rTMS on EEG and ERPs in patients with depression. Clinical EEG and Neuroscience, 39(3), 118-24.


Williams, L. M., Gatt, J. M., Hatch, A., Palmer, D. M., Nagy, M., Rennie, C., . . . Paul, R. H. (2008). The integrate model of emotion, thinking and self regulation: An application to the "paradox of aging". J Integr Neurosci, 7(3), 367-404.



Arns, M., Peters, S., Breteler, R., & Verhoeven, L. (2007). Different brain activation patterns in dyslexic children: Evidence from EEG power and coherence patterns for the double-deficit theory of dyslexia. J Integr Neurosci, 6(1), 175-90.


Arns, M., Van Luijtelaar, G., Sumich, A., Hamilton, R., & Gordon, E. (2007). Electroencephalographic, personality, and executive function measures associated with frequent mobile phone use. Int J Neurosci, 117(9), 1341-60. 


Liddell, B. J., Paul, R. H., Arns, M., Gordon, N., Kukla, M., Rowe, D., . . . Williams, L. M. (2007). Rates of decline distinguish alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment relative to normal aging: Integrating cognition and brain function. J Integr Neurosci, 6(1), 141-74.



Alexander, D. M., Arns, M. W., Paul, R. H., Rowe, D. L., Cooper, N., Esser, A. H., . . . Gordon, E. (2006). EEG markers for cognitive decline in elderly subjects with subjective memory complaints. J Integr Neurosci, 5(1), 49-74.


Clark, C. R., Paul, R. H., Williams, L. M., Arns, M., Fallahpour, K., Handmer, C., & Gordon, E. (2006). Standardized assessment of cognitive functioning during development and aging using an automated touchscreen battery. Arch Clin Neuropsychol, 21(5), 449-67.


Gunstad, J., Paul, R. H., Brickman, A. M., Cohen, R. A., Arns, M., Roe, D., . . . Gordon, E. (2006). Patterns of cognitive performance in middle-aged and older adults: A cluster analytic examination. J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol, 19(2), 59-64. 


2005 and earlier

Arns, M. W., & van Dosten, J. W. (2005). System is for recording electrical signals occurring in living body and has at least two electrodes for obtaining first analogue signal corresponding with electrical signal occurring in living body. Patent.


Arns, M., Sauvage, M., & Steckler, T. (1999). Excitotoxic hippocampal lesions disrupt allocentric spatial learning in mice: Effects of strain and task demands. Behav Brain Res, 106(1-2), 151-64.


Arns, M. W., Coenen, A. M. L., & Drinkenburg, W. (1997). Altered information processing during slow wave sleep in rats. NSWO Jaarboek, 26, 17-22.